Authority is Constructed and Contextual
"Information resources reflect their creators’ expertise and credibility, and are evaluated based on the information need and the context in which the information will be used. Authority is constructed in that various communities may recognize different types of authority. It is contextual in that the information need may help to determine the level of authority required." (From: ACRL Framework for Information Literacy for Higher Education)
(Image from: https://pixabay.com/en/military-drill-instructor-662863/)
This is a writing prompt for a short assignment developed by Cristy Moran.. The prompt can be adapted to fit different non-writing performance tasks, however, including discussion or in-class individual/ small group activities. Students are provided a scenario wherein they must research the names of experts quoted in different online news articles. They must show that they have researched the "expert."
The Question Authority lesson from Joelle Pitts is mapped to the Authority is Constructed and Contextual Frame. The lesson introduces the concept of authority in the research process, that it is constructed and contextual, and that the authority sought changes based on the research question. Criteria for evaluating authority are discussed, as is the idea that not all voices are represented in authoritative conversations.
In this workshop developed by Kim Pittman, students learn about the driving forces behind fake news, reflect on how our opinions impact the way we evaluate information, and discuss and practice using criteria for evaluating news. The workshop includes a brief presentation on fake news and cognitive biases, reflection prompts for students to respond to, and an activity in which students work in groups to evaluate different news articles on a common topic.