Skip to Main Content
It looks like you're using Internet Explorer 11 or older. This website works best with modern browsers such as the latest versions of Chrome, Firefox, Safari, and Edge. If you continue with this browser, you may see unexpected results.

First Year Seminar (FYS) Research & Writing Guide: Creating an Annotated Bibliography

A Guide to Research and Writing Resources at Sacred Heart University

What is an Annotated Bibliography?

A bibliography is a collection of citations from books, articles, documents, etc. used in a research project. Bibliographies are constructed using a specific citation style (MLA, APA, Chicago, etc.).

To annotate your bibliography, means to provide a brief summary or assessment of the resource.  

An annotated bibliography is an excellent way for the researcher to critically analyze the content of a resource in a condensed fashion, typically from a few sentences to a few paragraphs, to aid in their own understanding of their resources, as well as providing important information to readers.

Citation Style Guides for Creating an Annotated Bibliography

Use the following style guides to determine the correct format for your annotated bibliography. The style used will depend on the discipline covered and/or the instructions provided by your instructor.

Example Annotations

*Annotations in MLA, APA, and Chicago style:



Chicago Style

*“Purdue OWL: Annotated Bibliographies,” Purdue Online Writing Lab, accessed September 8, 2016,