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AN 299: Humans and the Ice Age: Creating an Annotated Bibliography

A Guide to Support Student Research

What is an Annotated Bibliography?

A bibliography is a collection of citations from books, articles, documents, etc. used in a research project. Bibliographies are constructed using a specific citation style (MLA, APA, Chicago, etc.).

To annotate your bibliography, means to provide a brief summary or assessment of the resource.  

An annotated bibliography is an excellent way for the researcher to critically analyze the content of a resource in a condensed fashion, typically from a few sentences to a few paragraphs, to aid in their own understanding of their resources, as well as providing important information to readers.

Example Annotations

*Annotations in MLA, APA, and Chicago style:



Chicago Style

*“Purdue OWL: Annotated Bibliographies,” Purdue Online Writing Lab, accessed September 8, 2016,

Citation Style Guides for Creating an Annotated Bibliography

Use the following style guides to determine the correct format for your annotated bibliography. The style used will depend on the discipline covered and/or the instructions provided by your instructor.

Additionally, you can utilize the following online guides for formatting your annotated bibliography:

Purdue Owl: Annotated Bibliographies

The Writing Center, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill: Annotated Bibliographies

Making an Annotated Bibliography Using EasyBib